React Component Notes

Thank you FreeCodeCamp for Breaking this all down :heart: freeCodeCamp

References For Future Me:

Stateless Functional Component

A Javascript Function

A stateless component is one that can receive data and render it, but does not manage or track changes to that data.

const StatelessFunctionalComponent = function() {
  return (
    <div className='customClass' />

is the same as this:

const StatelessFunctionalComponent = () => {
  return (
        <div className='customClass' />

ES6 Class Component

Creates a class which extends the React.Component class

This allows access to React features such as local state and lifecycle hooks.

class ClassExample extends React.Component {
  constructor(props) {

  render() {
    return (


None of the React code you write will render to the DOM without making a call to the ReactDOM API.

ReactDOM.render(componentToRender, targetNode)


In React, you can pass props, or properties, to child components. Say you have an App component which renders a child component called Welcome which is a stateless functional component. You can pass Welcome a user property by writing:

  <Welcome user='Mark' />

You use custom HTML attributes created by you and supported by React to be passed to the component. In this case, the created property user is passed to the component Welcome. Since Welcome is a stateless functional component, it has access to this value like so:

const Welcome = (props) => <h1>Hello, {props.user}!</h1>

It is standard to call this value props and when dealing with stateless functional components, you basically consider it as an argument to a function which returns JSX. You can access the value of the argument in the function body. With class components, you will see this is a little different.

Terminology for Components

  1. Stateless Functional Component: Any function you write which accepts props and returns JSX

  2. Stateless Component: A class that extends React.Component, but does not use internal state

  3. Stateful Component: a class component that does maintain its own internal state. You may see stateful components referred to simply as components or React components.